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Fantasy/science fiction pulps

Here would be a 1-3 sentence summary of the pulp genre, or category.


Here would be an unbiased, detailed history of the fantasy pulp genre. With pertinent Wiki links to examples of magazines, contributors, etc., that involved this genre. Can be as long as necessary.

Science fiction

Science fiction stories have been around for centuries, though the term "science fiction" came about in the 1920s. Sam Moskowitz describes science fiction as "a branch of fantasy identifiable by the fact that it eases the Ć«willing suspension of disbelief' on the part of its readers by utilizing an atmosphere of scientific credibility for its imaginative speculations in physical science, space, time, social science and philosophy."

Science Wonder StoriesScience Wonder Stories, June 1929
While Amazing Stories was the first pulp featuring only science fiction stories, the genre had been around for centuries before. Early yarns that fall into the science fiction category were known as romantic stories (that was before the "romantic" came to signify only love stories). Tales such as Homer's The Odyssey were clearly science fiction stories of their day.

Scientific romance stories flourished in the 1800s, such as Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth and H.G. Wells' The Time Machine. Scientific romance was represented in the dime novels with stories such as Edward F. Ellis' The Steam Man of the Prairies or the Frank Reade Jr. series.

Early pulps frequently contained a scientific romance story, such as those by Edgar Rice Burroughs and A. Merritt. Their popularly was increasing such that in 1926, Hugo Gernsback founded Amazing Stories. This magazine published what Gernsback called "scientifiction," but that term never caught on.

After a bankruptcy lawsuit, Hugo Gernsback lost control of his magazines, including Amazing Stories. In 1930, he founded Science Wonder Stories in which he coined the term "science fiction."

Science fiction stories continued in the pulps. Sometimes the magazines were dedicated to science fiction; other times, the science fiction story was just one of a variety of categories appearing in the magazine. Captain Future was one all-science fiction magazine that also fell into the hero pulp genre.


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