The PulpWiki

Revision [714]

Last edited on 2014-03-31 20:53:01 by TpnEditor [redirects from old url]
Additions:
Please see //[[Unknown Unknown]]//.
Deletions:
//Unknown// (later known as //Unknown Worlds//) is one of the most fondly-remembered of the [[FantasyGenre fantasy pulps]], perhaps rivaled in this only by the first incarnation of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//. Edited by [[CampbellJohnW John W. Campbell Jr.]], it published a wide array of much-reprinted and influential [[FantasyGenre fantasy fiction]] in its four and a half year run, much of the fiction notable for a "logical" approach to fantastic events.
===Background===
>>{{image class="center" alt=Unknown" url="images/wiki-images/unknownpulp.jpg" }}**//Unknown//**
**Publisher:** [[StreetandSmith Street and Smith]]
**Publication range:** March 1939-October 1943>>Founded in 1939, //Unknown// (later //Unknown Worlds//) was an indication of the faith publishers [[StreetandSmith Street and Smith]] were ready to place in their young editor of //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, [[CampbellJohnW John W. Campbell Jr.]]
Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy fiction pulps]], with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book]]// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[FantasyGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near-fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî [[FantasyGenre science fiction]] he is best-remembered for.
//Sinister Barrier// wouldn't have been too out of place in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim [[WellmanManlyWade Manly Wade Wellman]] [[HorrorGenre horror]] story, ìWhere Angels Fear,î and [[GoldHL H.L. Gold]]ís ìTrouble with Water,î a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy Thorne Smith was publishing to great success in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed H.G. Wellsís dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by [[DeCampLSprague L. Sprague de Camp]] alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed.
Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of [[HubbardLRon L. Ron Hubbard]] and [[PageNorvell Norvell Page]], was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both [[LeiberFritz Fritz Leiber]] and his [[FantasyGenre sword and sorcery]] heroes [[FafhrdandtheGreyMouser Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser]] (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to [[WeirdTales Weird Tales]], where editor [[WrightFarnsworth Farnsworth Wright]] seemed more interested in Leiberís [[HorrorGenre horror fiction]]).
Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential [[HorrorGenre horror stories]] as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAE A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.
The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, a title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more [[FantasyGenre science fiction]]-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War IIís paper shortages, and it folded with the October 1943 issue, its 39th.
[[StreetandSmith Street and Smith]] tested the market again in 1948, with an all-reprint special annual titled //From Unknown Worlds//, but did not pursue the project further.
Many stories published in the magazine have been very widely reprinted since, and several further anthologies have been drawn from its pages, most influentially D.R. Bensenís //The Unknown// and its sequel, //The Unknown Five,// which printed for the first time an [[AsimovIsaac Isaac Asimov]] story that had been in //UW//ís inventory when it folded.
----
==Categories==
PulpMagazines


Revision [513]

Edited on 2008-04-01 17:57:58 by TpnEditor [fixed image link]
Additions:
>>{{image class="center" alt=Unknown" url="images/wiki-images/unknownpulp.jpg" }}**//Unknown//**
Deletions:
>>{{image class="center" alt=Unknown" url="wiki-images/unknownpulp.jpg" }}**//Unknown//**


Revision [353]

Edited on 2006-05-07 00:41:53 by TpnEditor [fixed genre links]
Additions:
//Unknown// (later known as //Unknown Worlds//) is one of the most fondly-remembered of the [[FantasyGenre fantasy pulps]], perhaps rivaled in this only by the first incarnation of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//. Edited by [[CampbellJohnW John W. Campbell Jr.]], it published a wide array of much-reprinted and influential [[FantasyGenre fantasy fiction]] in its four and a half year run, much of the fiction notable for a "logical" approach to fantastic events.
Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy fiction pulps]], with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book]]// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[FantasyGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near-fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî [[FantasyGenre science fiction]] he is best-remembered for.
Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of [[HubbardLRon L. Ron Hubbard]] and [[PageNorvell Norvell Page]], was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both [[LeiberFritz Fritz Leiber]] and his [[FantasyGenre sword and sorcery]] heroes [[FafhrdandtheGreyMouser Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser]] (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to [[WeirdTales Weird Tales]], where editor [[WrightFarnsworth Farnsworth Wright]] seemed more interested in Leiberís [[HorrorGenre horror fiction]]).
Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential [[HorrorGenre horror stories]] as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAE A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.
The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, a title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more [[FantasyGenre science fiction]]-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War IIís paper shortages, and it folded with the October 1943 issue, its 39th.
Deletions:
//Unknown// (later known as //Unknown Worlds//) is one of the most fondly-remembered of the fantasy pulps, perhaps rivaled in this only by the first incarnation of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//. Edited by [[CampbellJohnW John W. Campbell Jr.]], it published a wide array of much-reprinted and influential fantasy fiction in its four and a half year run, much of the fiction notable for a "logical" approach to fantastic events.
Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy]] fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book]]// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[ScienceFictionGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî science fiction he is best-remembered for.
Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of [[HubbardLRon L. Ron Hubbard]] and [[PageNorvell Norvell Page]], was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both [[LeiberFritz Fritz Leiber]] and his [[SwordAndSorceryGenre sword and sorcery]] heroes [[FafhrdandtheGreyMouser Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser]] (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to [[WeirdTales Weird Tales]], where editor [[WrightFarnsworth Farnsworth Wright]] seemed more interested in Leiberís horror fiction).
Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAE A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.
The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, a title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more science fiction-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War IIís paper shortages, and it folded with the October 1943 issue, its 39th.


Revision [329]

Edited on 2006-05-03 02:01:53 by TpnEditor [formatting fix]
Additions:
>>{{image class="center" alt=Unknown" url="wiki-images/unknownpulp.jpg" }}**//Unknown//**
Deletions:
>>{{image class="center" alt=Unknown" url="wiki-images/unknownpulp.jpg" }}
**//Unknown//**


Revision [245]

Edited on 2006-04-21 00:56:52 by TpnEditor [Changed History subhead to Background.]
Additions:
===Background===
Deletions:
===History===


Revision [210]

Edited on 2006-04-19 01:31:29 by TpnEditor [tweaked wikinames.]
Additions:
//Sinister Barrier// wouldn't have been too out of place in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim [[WellmanManlyWade Manly Wade Wellman]] [[HorrorGenre horror]] story, ìWhere Angels Fear,î and [[GoldHL H.L. Gold]]ís ìTrouble with Water,î a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy Thorne Smith was publishing to great success in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed H.G. Wellsís dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by [[DeCampLSprague L. Sprague de Camp]] alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed.
Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of [[HubbardLRon L. Ron Hubbard]] and [[PageNorvell Norvell Page]], was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both [[LeiberFritz Fritz Leiber]] and his [[SwordAndSorceryGenre sword and sorcery]] heroes [[FafhrdandtheGreyMouser Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser]] (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to [[WeirdTales Weird Tales]], where editor [[WrightFarnsworth Farnsworth Wright]] seemed more interested in Leiberís horror fiction).
Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAE A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.
Deletions:
//Sinister Barrier// wouldn't have been too out of place in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim [[WellmanManlyWade Manly Wade Wellman]] [[HorrorGenre horror]] story, ìWhere Angels Fear,î and [[GoldHL H. L. Gold]]ís ìTrouble with Water,î a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy Thorne Smith was publishing to great success in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed H.G. Wellsís dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by [[DeCampSprague L. Sprague de Camp]] alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed.
Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of [[HubbardRon L. Ron Hubbard]] and [[PageNorvell Norvell Page]], was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both [[LeiberFritz Fritz Leiber]] and his [[SwordAndSorceryGenre sword and sorcery]] heroes [[FafhrdandGreyMouser Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser]] (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to [[WeirdTales Weird Tales]], where editor [[WrightFarnsworth Farnsworth Wright]] seemed more interested in Leiberís horror fiction).
Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAe A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.


Revision [184]

Edited on 2006-04-15 17:37:38 by ToddMason [//Conjure Wife//'s a novel, like //Sinister Barrier//...btw, you sure you want films to not be itali]
Additions:
Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAe A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.
Deletions:
Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel ìConjure Wifeî were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAe A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.


Revision [183]

Edited on 2006-04-15 17:35:04 by ToddMason [grammar/syntax]
Additions:
The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, a title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more science fiction-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War IIís paper shortages, and it folded with the October 1943 issue, its 39th.
Deletions:
The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, the title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more science fiction-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War IIís paper shortages, and it folded with the October 1943 issue, its 39th.


Revision [182]

Edited on 2006-04-15 17:29:48 by ToddMason [removed excess solidus]
Additions:
Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy]] fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book]]// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[ScienceFictionGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî science fiction he is best-remembered for.
Deletions:
Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy]] fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book]]// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[ScienceFictionGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in ///[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî science fiction he is best-remembered for.


Revision [181]

Edited on 2006-04-15 17:20:56 by ToddMason [Added the executive summary and Wikified Gold's name]
Additions:
//Unknown// (later known as //Unknown Worlds//) is one of the most fondly-remembered of the fantasy pulps, perhaps rivaled in this only by the first incarnation of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//. Edited by [[CampbellJohnW John W. Campbell Jr.]], it published a wide array of much-reprinted and influential fantasy fiction in its four and a half year run, much of the fiction notable for a "logical" approach to fantastic events.
//Sinister Barrier// wouldn't have been too out of place in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim [[WellmanManlyWade Manly Wade Wellman]] [[HorrorGenre horror]] story, ìWhere Angels Fear,î and [[GoldHL H. L. Gold]]ís ìTrouble with Water,î a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy Thorne Smith was publishing to great success in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed H.G. Wellsís dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by [[DeCampSprague L. Sprague de Camp]] alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed.
Deletions:
Here would be a 1-3 sentence summary of the pulp magazine.
//Sinister Barrier// wouldn't have been too out of place in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim [[WellmanManlyWade Manly Wade Wellman]] [[HorrorGenre horror]] story, ìWhere Angels Fear,î and H. L. Goldís ìTrouble with Water,î a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy Thorne Smith was publishing to great success in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed H.G. Wellsís dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by [[DeCampSprague L. Sprague de Camp]] alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed.


Revision [180]

Edited on 2006-04-15 17:01:59 by TpnEditor [Added the executive summary and Wikified Gold's name]
Additions:
Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy]] fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book]]// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[ScienceFictionGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in ///[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî science fiction he is best-remembered for.
Deletions:
Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy]] fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[ScienceFictionGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in ///[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî science fiction he is best-remembered for.


Revision [179]

Edited on 2006-04-15 16:58:54 by TpnEditor [Added first issue cover.]
Additions:
>>{{image class="center" alt=Unknown" url="wiki-images/unknownpulp.jpg" }}
**//Unknown//**
Deletions:
>>**//Unknown//**


Revision [178]

Edited on 2006-04-15 16:46:27 by TpnEditor [Formatting and slight editing.]
Additions:
====//Unknown//====

Here would be a 1-3 sentence summary of the pulp magazine.

===History===
>>**//Unknown//**
**Publisher:** [[StreetandSmith Street and Smith]]
**Publication range:** March 1939-October 1943>>Founded in 1939, //Unknown// (later //Unknown Worlds//) was an indication of the faith publishers [[StreetandSmith Street and Smith]] were ready to place in their young editor of //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, [[CampbellJohnW John W. Campbell Jr.]]

Despite the rather rocky history of [[FantasyGenre fantasy]] fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //[[ThrillBook The Thrill Book// and //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//ís former Clayton stablemate //[[StrangeTales Strange Tales]]//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //[[WeirdTales Weird Tales]]//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russellís //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as [[ScienceFictionGenre science fiction]] in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in ///[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// after //Unknown//ís folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of ìrational fantasyî he published in //Unknown// as with the ìhardî science fiction he is best-remembered for.

//Sinister Barrier// wouldn't have been too out of place in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim [[WellmanManlyWade Manly Wade Wellman]] [[HorrorGenre horror]] story, ìWhere Angels Fear,î and H. L. Goldís ìTrouble with Water,î a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy Thorne Smith was publishing to great success in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed H.G. Wellsís dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by [[DeCampSprague L. Sprague de Camp]] alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed.

Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of [[HubbardRon L. Ron Hubbard]] and [[PageNorvell Norvell Page]], was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both [[LeiberFritz Fritz Leiber]] and his [[SwordAndSorceryGenre sword and sorcery]] heroes [[FafhrdandGreyMouser Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser]] (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to [[WeirdTales Weird Tales]], where editor [[WrightFarnsworth Farnsworth Wright]] seemed more interested in Leiberís horror fiction).

Leiberís groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story ìSmoke Ghostî and first novel ìConjure Wifeî were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, [[SturgeonTheodore Theodore Sturgeon]] was also publishing in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as ìItî and ìShottle Bop,î and slightly more surreal exercises such as ìThe Ultimate Egoistî and ìYesterday was Monday.î In fact, most of Campbellís favorites in //[[AstoundingMagazine Astounding]]//, including [[HeinleinRobert Robert Heinlein]], [[VanVogtAe A. E. van Vogt]], [[CartmillCleve Cleve Cartmill]], [[KuttnerHenry Henry Kuttner]] and others, would also publish in //Unknown//.

The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, the title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more science fiction-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War IIís paper shortages, and it folded with the October 1943 issue, its 39th.

[[StreetandSmith Street and Smith]] tested the market again in 1948, with an all-reprint special annual titled //From Unknown Worlds//, but did not pursue the project further.

Many stories published in the magazine have been very widely reprinted since, and several further anthologies have been drawn from its pages, most influentially D.R. Bensenís //The Unknown// and its sequel, //The Unknown Five,// which printed for the first time an [[AsimovIsaac Isaac Asimov]] story that had been in //UW//ís inventory when it folded.

----
==Categories==
PulpMagazines
Deletions:
Founded in 1939, //Unknown// (later //Unknown Worlds//) was an indication of the faith publishers ''Street & Smith'' were ready to place in their young editor of //''Astounding''//, ''John W. Campbell, Jr.'' Despite the rather rocky history of ''fantasy'' fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //''The Thrill Book''// and //Astounding//'s former Clayton stablemate //''Strange Tales''//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //''Weird Tales''//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russell's //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as ''science fiction'' in //Astounding//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in //Astounding// after //Unknown//'s folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of "rational fantasy" he published in //Unknown// as with the "hard" science fiction he is best-remembered for. //Sinister Barrier// wouldn't've been too out of place in //Astounding//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim ''Manly Wade Wellman'' ''horror'' story, "Where Angels Fear," and H. L. Gold's "Trouble with Water," a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy ''Thorne Smith'' was publishing to great succeess in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed ''H.G. Wells'''s dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it, and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by ''L. Sprague de Camp'' alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed. Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of ''L. Ron Hubbard'' and ''Norvell Page'', was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both ''Fritz Leiber'' and his ''sword and sorcery'' heroes ''Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser'' (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to //Weird Tales//, where editor ''Farnsworth Wright'' seemed more interested in Leiber's horror fiction). Leiber's groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story "Smoke Ghost" and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, ''Theodore Sturgeon'' was also publishing in //Astounding// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as "It" and "Shottle Bop," and slightly more surreal exercises such as "The Ultimate Egoist" and "Yesterday was Monday." In fact, most of Campbell's favorites in //Astounding//, including ''Robert Heinlein'', ''A. E. van Vogt'', ''Cleve Cartmill'', ''Henry Kuttner'', and others, would also publish in //Unknown//. The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, the title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more science fiction-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War II's paper shortages, and it folded with the October, 1943, issue, its 39th. Street and Smith tested the market again in 1948, with an all-reprint special annual entitled //From Unknown Worlds//, but did not pursue the project further. Many stories published in the magazine have been very widely reprinted since, and several further anthologies have been drawn from its pages, most influentially D.R. Bensen's //The Unknown// and its sequel, //The Unknown Five//, which printed for the first time an ''Isaac Asimov'' story that had been in //UW//'s inventory when it folded.


Revision [177]

Edited on 2006-04-14 23:59:10 by ToddMason [grammar]
Additions:
Founded in 1939, //Unknown// (later //Unknown Worlds//) was an indication of the faith publishers ''Street & Smith'' were ready to place in their young editor of //''Astounding''//, ''John W. Campbell, Jr.'' Despite the rather rocky history of ''fantasy'' fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //''The Thrill Book''// and //Astounding//'s former Clayton stablemate //''Strange Tales''//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //''Weird Tales''//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russell's //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as ''science fiction'' in //Astounding//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in //Astounding// after //Unknown//'s folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of "rational fantasy" he published in //Unknown// as with the "hard" science fiction he is best-remembered for. //Sinister Barrier// wouldn't've been too out of place in //Astounding//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim ''Manly Wade Wellman'' ''horror'' story, "Where Angels Fear," and H. L. Gold's "Trouble with Water," a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy ''Thorne Smith'' was publishing to great succeess in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed ''H.G. Wells'''s dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it, and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by ''L. Sprague de Camp'' alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed. Rather more straightforward exotic-adventure fantasy, by the likes of ''L. Ron Hubbard'' and ''Norvell Page'', was also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both ''Fritz Leiber'' and his ''sword and sorcery'' heroes ''Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser'' (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to //Weird Tales//, where editor ''Farnsworth Wright'' seemed more interested in Leiber's horror fiction). Leiber's groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story "Smoke Ghost" and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, ''Theodore Sturgeon'' was also publishing in //Astounding// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as "It" and "Shottle Bop," and slightly more surreal exercises such as "The Ultimate Egoist" and "Yesterday was Monday." In fact, most of Campbell's favorites in //Astounding//, including ''Robert Heinlein'', ''A. E. van Vogt'', ''Cleve Cartmill'', ''Henry Kuttner'', and others, would also publish in //Unknown//. The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, the title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more science fiction-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War II's paper shortages, and it folded with the October, 1943, issue, its 39th. Street and Smith tested the market again in 1948, with an all-reprint special annual entitled //From Unknown Worlds//, but did not pursue the project further. Many stories published in the magazine have been very widely reprinted since, and several further anthologies have been drawn from its pages, most influentially D.R. Bensen's //The Unknown// and its sequel, //The Unknown Five//, which printed for the first time an ''Isaac Asimov'' story that had been in //UW//'s inventory when it folded.
Deletions:
Founded in 1939, //Unknown// (later //Unknown Worlds//) was an indication of the faith publishers ''Street & Smith'' were ready to place in their young editor of //''Astounding''//, ''John W. Campbell, Jr.'' Despite the rather rocky history of ''fantasy'' fiction pulps, with the failures of largely-fantasy //''The Thrill Book''// and //Astounding//'s former Clayton stablemate //''Strange Tales''//, along with the continuing marginal commercial status of //''Weird Tales''//, Campbell apparently made the argument that work such as Eric Frank Russell's //Sinister Barrier//, the lead novel in the first issue (dated March), would be better presented in a fantasy setting rather than as ''science fiction'' in //Astounding//. Considering the thread of fantasy and near fantasy Campbell would continue to publish in //Astounding// after //Unknown//'s folding in 1943, it was clear that his heart was at least as much with the kind of "rational fantasy" he published in //Unknown// as with the "hard" science fiction he is best-remembered for. //Sinister Barrier// wouldn't've been too out of place in //Astounding//, but the first issue also boasted a fine grim ''Manly Wade Wellman'' ''horror'' story, "Where Angels Fear," and H. L. Gold's "Trouble with Water," a fresh variation on the kind of humorous fantasy ''Thorne Smith'' was publishing to great succeess in book form. This last vein was probably the mode //Unknown// has been best remembered for, stories which followed ''H.G. Wells'''s dictum that a fantastic story should have only one miraculous situation in it, and retain as much realism as possible around that miracle; Campbell published a number of similar works, particularly by ''L. Sprague de Camp'' alone and in collaboration, which featured a fairly rigoruous working-out of the limits of the fantasy devices employed. Rather more straightforward, exotic adventure fantasy, by the likes of ''L. Ron Hubbard'' and ''Norvell Page'', were also a staple of the magazine, which was the first to publish both ''Fritz Leiber'' and his ''sword and sorcery'' heroes ''Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser'' (stories which Campbell supposedly consistently suggested would be better suited to //Weird Tales//, where editor ''Farnsworth Wright'' seemed more interested in Leiber's horror fiction). Leiber's groundbreaking ''urban horror'' story "Smoke Ghost" and first novel //Conjure Wife// were among the most important examples of the macabre //Unknown// would publish; like Leiber, another new Campbell star, ''Theodore Sturgeon'' was also publishing in //Astounding// but seemed at least as much at home in //Unknown//, offering among many others such influential horror stories as "It" and "Shottle Bop," and slightly more surreal exercises such as "The Ultimate Egoist" and "Yesterday was Monday." In fact, most of Campbell's favorites in //Astounding//, including ''Robert Heinlein'', ''A. E. van Vogt'', ''Cleve Cartmill'', ''Henry Kuttner'', and others, would also publish in //Unknown//. The magazine gave up on cover paintings with the 17th issue, July 1940, opting instead for a rather reserved cover template, with several story titles and their authors listed with a small spot illustration next to each title; the magazine also went at this point from standard ''pulp'' size to ''bedsheet'' size. With the 27th issue, October 1941, the title change to //Unknown Worlds// was effected, perhaps in hopes of drawing more science fiction-oriented readers; apparently, sales didn't warrant its continuation during World War II's paper shortages, and it folded with the October, 1943, issue, its 39th. Street and Smith tested the market again in 1948, with an all-reprint special annual entitled //From Unknown Worlds//, but did not pursue the project further. Many stories published in the magazine have been very widely reprinted since, and several further anthologies have been drawn from its pages, most influentially D.R. Bensen's //The Unknown// and its sequel, //The Unknown Five//, which printed for the first time an ''Isaac Asimov'' story that had been in //UW//'s inventory when it folded.


Revision [176]

The oldest known version of this page was created on 2006-04-14 23:38:23 by ToddMason [grammar]

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